Parodontopathy is a disease of the supportive teeth structure which consists out of alveolar process (bone), periodomtium, cement and gingiva. We differ between general and local causes of parodontopathy. General causes are for instance genetic susceptability, systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus or taking medications. Local causes are: accumulation of firm and tender layers (calculus), inadequate dental fllings and prosthetic appliances, traumatic occlusion, smoking…
Parodontopathy is a disease that usually develops slowly, even though it can sometimes make a quite rush process. It begins with bleeding and inflammation of gingiva, successive gum withdrawal, tooth stripping that can lead to gradual loosening of the particular tooth and tooth loss.
Conservatice treatment od parodontopathy implies flawless oral hygiene that includes using dental floss, right choice of toothbrush and toothpaste and right technique of brushing.
Surgical treatment that is not followed by adequate oral hygiene can lead to a unsuccessfull results. Surgical treatment of paradontopathy can be achieved by intervention of a lobe. This intervention consists out of following steps: lifting the gingival flap, cleaning the subgingival concrements and setting up a artificial bone and membrane with the goal of replacing the lost bone of needed.